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Interior Decorating Tips for Dementia: A Live-in Carer's Perspective

Young girl in an old photo with her dog in the sea

Designing the best living space for individuals with dementia is not just about looks; a successful design can dramatically enhance their quality of life and provide comfort in the face of cognitive decline. 

As a live-in care agency, we pride ourselves in creating environments that both stimulate and soothe our home care clients with dementia. 

Throughout this blog post we explore the disease's effects on an individual's surroundings and the importance of a familiar and comfortable environment.

This comprehensive guide offers practical interior decorating tips and tricks, that we have learned from our 30 years as a live-in carer agency!  This offers a unique perspective, as we intimately understand the daily challenges and joys of providing home care support for the elderly with dementia.

Getting Started: Think About Colour and Contrast

To create a dementia-friendly home, one of the key elements to consider is colour and contrast. Using colour not only brightens the space but also serves a critical function in helping with spatial orientation and distinguishing between objects. 

For example:

  • Using a contrasting colour for toilet seats against a light bathroom floor can help guide individuals more effectively. 

  • Incorporating soft, soothing hues for walls and furniture can help reduce anxiety. 

It is important to blend a palette that is both calming and functionally supportive, maintaining balance between a home-like ambiance and a safe, navigable environment for your loved ones.

Understanding What Dementia is and How Design Can Influence it

Dementia isn't just a memory condition; it's a complex cognitive disorder that reshapes how individuals perceive and interact with the world. 

The way a room is arranged, the colours that pop from the walls, even the shadows that play on the floor, can all trigger emotional or behavioural responses. 

Taking Action: Creating a sense of structure and simplicity

Creating a sense of structure and simplicity is vital when designing spaces for individuals with dementia, as many of our live-in carers will attest to. 

  • Clutter and overly complex patterns can lead to confusion and agitation - because of this it is crucial to keep the environment clutter free and easy to navigate.

  • Simple line drawings and clear signage can help direct people living with dementia to important areas like the bathroom or kitchen, without them losing their dignity - diminishing feelings of frustration or disorientation. 

  • It's also beneficial to maintain a consistent layout so that once a navigational pattern is learned, it remains reliable. A familiar and stable setting is an absolute cornerstone of dementia care, providing a backdrop against which people living with dementia who are receiving support from a home carer, can live with greater ease and dignity. 

Remember, in every design choice, the ultimate goal is to foster independence while ensuring safety and comfort.

How Dementia Affects Perception and Behaviour

For dementia patients, navigating space becomes a formidable daily task. The ability to interpret depth, recognise patterns, and maintain a sense of time are routinely challenged. 

Distortions in vision and perception can turn ordinary rooms into labyrinthine puzzles, urging live-in carers to quickly simplify the architectural and decorative layout.

Light the Way to Comfort and Security

Illumination is not just a matter of visibility—it's a beacon of safety and comfort for those living with dementia. 

  • Adequate lighting is paramount, as shadows or poor lighting can result in confusion or even fear. 

  • It is essential to ensure that living spaces are well-lit, with natural light sources supplemented by gentle artificial light to minimise glare, which can be disorienting. 

  • Strategically placed nightlights can provide a comforting glow and assist in preventing trips and falls during the nighttime. 

  • Similarly, consider adjustable blinds or curtains that allow control over the amount of daylight entering the room, catering to the sensitivity and comfort of your loved one. 

As a live-in carer, by creating a well-lit environment you nurture a sense of security, enabling those living with dementia to move with more confidence and independence within their space.

Importance of a Familiar and Creating a Comfortable Environment

Creating an environment steeped in familiarity is foundational in fostering a sense of belonging and comfort for those with dementia. 

  • Surrounding your loved one, or client who you provide in-home dementia care for, with personal items that evoke memories such as family photos, favourite books, or cherished keepsakes, can be a source of solace and spark moments of joy and recognition. 

  • Ensuring familiarity in design choices is a powerful tool for grounding patients in the present moment too. Walls lined with photographs of family members and comforting objects arranged in familiar patterns can bring them back to this moment and act as cognitive anchors. 

  • Upholstery and decor that echo past residences contribute to a continuous thread of their personal story, enhancing brain connections. 

  • While nostalgia is certainly a powerful ally, it is equally important to ensure that these items do not clutter the space, as simplicity remains key in promoting serene and safe surroundings.

  • Furniture should be selected with an eye toward both comfort and functionality, often with rounded edges to prevent injuries from accidents that may occur due to a momentary lapse in spatial awareness.


  • Seating options ought to provide firm support, facilitating easy transition from sitting to standing positions. 

  • Comfort extends beyond the tactile; soft lighting can ease both vision strain and psychological stress.

By prioritising familiarity and comfort in design choices, relatives or live-in carers can create a nurturing environment that respects the individual's history and preferences while providing a safe haven that supports their current needs.

Design Strategies for Dementia-Friendly Spaces

As a local live-in care agency, we have over the years built up a great depth of understanding of the cognitive hurdles faced by those with dementia, it's time to translate this knowledge into actionable design principles. These are hands-on strategies that you, as a relative, friend or live-in caregiver providing in-home dementia care, can employ to transform living spaces into nurturing havens.

Step 1:  Colour and Contrast Considerations

High-contrast furniture, such as chairs that stand out from the floor or walls, facilitate safe and intuitive movement. Bold distinctions between surfaces help those living with dementia to recognise features and prevent accidents, offering a clear path through the environment.

Step 2: Simplified Layouts and Decluttering Tips

Overload from too much visual information can be distressing for dementia patients. Simplifying spaces is a kindness, whether it's through reducing the number of items on shelves or removing unnecessary furniture that might cause confusion or pose a physical obstruction to your in home care client or relative.

Step 3: Think Safety Features and Accessibility Enhancements

Incorporating design elements that cater to the unique needs of in-home dementia care clients is paramount. 

  • Non-slip flooring

  • grab bars in bathrooms

  • and clearly marked exits 

..can all avert potentially hazardous situations. Additionally, intuitive spaces that are easily navigable can reduce anxiety and encourage independence.

Incorporating Nature and Outdoor Views: Bring the Outside in for in-home Dementia Care Clients

Bringing elements of nature into the living environment can be incredibly therapeutic for individuals with dementia. 

For our loved ones facing cognitive challenges, a view of a garden or the simple addition of indoor plants can provide a calming effect and divert from the potential stress of indoor confinement.

Research has shown that natural scenery, even in the form of pictures or a well-placed window, can foster a sense of peace and reduce agitation. 

When planning a dementia-friendly space, consider how windows can act as gateways to the serenity of the outdoors, and how plants can introduce a fresh, life-affirming quality to the home. 

Not only does this connection with nature enhance the aesthetic value of a space, but it also holds significant therapeutic benefits, supporting the overall well-being of those who you provide dementia care at home for.

The Role of Live-in Carers in Enhancing Environments

The Significance of Sensory Stimulation

In the journey of dementia care, we must remember the profound impact of sensory experiences on those living with dementia. 

Sensory stimulation, when thoughtfully applied, can awaken dormant memories, soothe restlessness, and enrich daily life. 

  • Gentle music can act as an auditory embrace, calming the mind and sparking recollections of joyous moments. 

  • Similarly, tactile elements like textured fabrics or fidget tools can provide comfort and encourage engagement with the environment. 

Live-in caregivers are the lifeblood of any tailored care strategy for those living with dementia. The home carers are the ones who can help first-hand begin to weave a fabric of care through every choice in decor, and interior design -  ensuring that the living environment actively supports the well-being of those in their charge.

Aromatherapy, with its subtle power, can wield a sense of peace or invigoration, depending on the chosen scents. 

As a live-in carer we recommend you should use these sensory inputs carefully, gently introducing and creating experiences that resonate with our loved ones' individual stories and preferences. 

By implementing these elements with a gentle hand it supports an overall strategy dedicated to maintaining dignity, autonomy, and joy in every aspect of our in-home dementia care client’s environment.

Personalisation and Reminiscence Therapy

Personalisation in the living space of someone with dementia goes beyond looks; it is a form of reminiscence therapy that can be profoundly beneficial. 

This therapeutic approach aims to proactively evoke memories and stimulate conversation about past experiences, thereby improving mood and cognitive ability. 

Items that symbolise an in-home dementia care client’s significant life events— for example, a wedding photo, a keepsake from a beloved vacation, a treasured vinyl record collection—can act as powerful pathways to their sense of self and history. 

For live-in carers, incorporating these items thoughtfully within the living space is more than just decoration; it shows a deep understanding and a heartfelt celebration of the individual's life story. As an educator and an advocate in Dementia care, here at Access Care we lead this personalisation with sensitivity and respect, ensuring it nurtures the soul as well as the mind.

Embracing Technology to Aid Memory

Embracing technology in the quest to enhance dementia-friendly spaces is the latest, on trend, avenue to explore. 

From simple digital picture frames displaying family photos to more complex systems like automated lighting and voice-activated devices, technology can play a nurturing role in creating an environment that’s not only safer but also more engaging for individuals with dementia. 

By integrating smart home technology carefully and thoughtfully, live-in carers can maintain a sense of modern effectiveness while ensuring that every advancement serves the needs and comforts of those in their care. 

It's about harnessing the power of innovation to provide a sense of independence and familiar interaction for our loved ones, blending the new tech with the nurturing touch of traditional live-in care.

Creating Sensory-Rich Spaces

Creating sensory-rich spaces that cater to the unique needs of in-home dementia care clients is both a science and an art. 

It involves more than just vibrant visuals; it calls for a thoughtful blend of sounds, textures, and even scents that can create an environment where comfort and familiarity reign. 

It's about turning a space into a sanctuary, where soft blankets invite a gentle touch and soothing colours ease the wandering mind. 

  • Consider leveraging natural sounds, like recordings of a babbling brook or birdsong, which can act as a gentle backdrop to everyday life

  • Experiment carefully with essential oils with rosemary or lavender to promote relaxation and cognitive function.

As home carers we do so with a nurturing touch, always with the individual's likes and dislikes in mind.  We are continuously aware of the delicate balance required to match the environment with sensitivities and preferences. 

This compassionate customisation not only reassures but also offers solace to family members by showing that their loved ones are embraced by a space that truly feels like home.

Collaborating with Professionals for Specialised Needs

At times, the unique needs of in-home dementia care may call for the expertise of other professionals, such as occupational therapists, to ensure your domiciliary care client is living in the safest and most comfortable space possible. 

These individuals, along with medical personnel, can partner with you to create custom solutions for your domiciliary care client’s home, ensuring every detail from the height of shelves to the texture of carpets is optimised for their well-being.

Case Studies and Success Stories

Fostering Emotional Connections Through Live-in Carer Training

Proper training for live-in carers is the cornerstone of compassionate in-home dementia care. 

It equips the live-in carer with all the tools and understanding necessary to foster emotional connections and recognise the subtle nuances of their client’s needs. 

Beyond the basic tasks of medical/physical and companion care, our live-in carers are taught the importance of emotional intelligence, patience, and the power of presence. 

We believe Live-in carers should become astute observers, noting changes in behaviour or mood, which can often communicate more than words ever could. This deep level of engagement is nurtured through ongoing education, fostering a bond of trust and comfort between live-in carer and patient, ensuring that care is not just a duty, but a heartfelt service.

To understand the tangible impact of thoughtful design, lets take a look at some case studies and experiences that highlight the transformational power of the environment in in-home dementia care.

Real-Life Examples from the Perspective of a Live-in Care Agency

The transformative stories from those on the front lines shine a light on the profound difference a well-considered environment can make. As a live-in care agency we have heard many stories over the years that bears witness to the positive changes. One particularly heartening story comes from a live-in caregiver who introduced interactive technology to aid in memory retention for a patient:

  • “A simple tablet, equipped with memory games and music from the patient’s youth, saw his face light up with the spark of recognition and a smile that spoke volumes of his comfort in that moment. “ 

  • Another anecdote from one of our live-in carer’s told of how a previous client's anxiety, previously triggered by disorientation, significantly decreased after moving to a room with clearer lines of sight and distinct landmarks. 

  • In another instance, a series of minor home adjustments – from colour-coded hallways to handrails in regularly traversed areas – resulted in a marked decrease in accidents and a newfound sense of autonomy for a patient who had previously been reluctant to leave their room.

Such instances underscore the impact of our nurturing intention when paired with innovative approaches; it's not just care, it's a heartfelt commitment to improving quality of life.

As live-in carers and advocates, we blend compassion with competence, aiming to enrich the lives of those we support. 

Every story shared, every memory prompted, and each small victory is a testament to the dedication that goes into fostering a healing and therapeutic home environment for dementia. It’s the sum of these efforts that define the true success stories in dementia care.

Positive Outcomes of Well-Designed Spaces on Client’s Well-being

The evidence of well-designed spaces' influence on the well-being of in-home dementia care clients is not just anecdotal; it is backed by research. 

Tailored environments can significantly alleviate symptoms of anxiety and confusion, often common in those with dementia. The strategic use of colours can help patients distinguish between different spaces, reducing the feeling of being overwhelmed. Likewise, personalised room setups that mimic the familiarity of a client’s past living arrangements can provide a profound sense of security and autonomy. 

By crafting spaces that prioritise recognition and ease of navigation, we are not just altering physical surroundings; we are reshaping the emotional landscape of those in our care, offering them not just a place to live, but a place to thrive.

In Summary: The Significance of Thoughtful Interior Decorating

The power of thoughtful interior decorating in dementia care at home is not to be underestimated. 

It is a silent ally in the battle for the well-being of our elderly clients living with dementia, offering more control and familiarity in the face of a condition that seeks to strip them of their bearings. 

As live-in carers, our role extends beyond practical support and assistance in the home; it encompasses every aspect of the sensory landscape in which our clients live. 

By thoughtfully decorating these spaces, we craft environments that speak a language of comfort and coherence, one that resonates deeply with the unique needs of those we care for.

In the complex journey of dementia, the creativity of our live-in carers here at Access Care, knows no bounds. Whether it's personalising spaces with familiar objects or engaging with professionals to craft specialised features, every decision made in design is a step toward a life lived more fully. 

When it comes to in-home dementia care, each room represents an opportunity to alleviate distress and foster moments of tranquillity and connection. The commitment to creating dementia-friendly spaces is a commitment to the dignity and peace of mind for those we hold dear.

How Access Care Can Help You

Our team of experienced and highly trained live-in carers are committed to ensuring that our dementia clients receive the assistance they need to help keep their independence and quality of life. 

From helping with daily tasks such as personal care, meal preparation, and medication management to providing emotional support and companion care, our live-in caregivers are there every step of the way.

We recognise that every individual's journey is unique, which is why our care plans are tailored to meet the specific needs and preferences of each client. 

Whether it's assisting with rehabilitation exercises, accompanying to medical appointments, or simply providing a listening ear, our live-in carers are dedicated to promoting the physical, emotional, and mental well-being of those in our care. With round-the-clock assistance from our compassionate live-in carers, you can have peace of mind knowing that your loved one is in capable and caring hands. 

If you have a relative or loved one who could benefit from the support of a live-in carer, please don't hesitate to reach out to us and talk to us about what you are looking for. You can call us on 01264 319399 or email to learn more about how we can assist you. As a dementia live-in care client of ours, you can trust that one of our home carers will provide you with round-the-clock assistance tailored to meet your individual needs. Let us be your partner in dementia care, supporting you every step of the way.


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